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Primary School

Where children come first




At Aylesham Primary School, we aim to support and encourage pupil’s personal, social and health education, as well as their emotional development and well-being. We combine the non-statutory curriculum, alongside the ‘Spiral’ scheme of work JIGSAW, which enables us to provide consistency throughout our school and support staff with subject knowledge.

Our goal is to provide pupils with the knowledge, understanding, values, attitudes and skills they need in order to reach their potential as individuals within the community and wider world. The programme of study we use will empower them to learn life skills, to assist their personal, spiritual and physical growth. We examine the changes that everyone undergoes and to deal with today’s society. We enable pupils to spend time on understanding the rights and responsibilities that are part of being a remarkable individual.

Pupils at Aylesham Primary School use the ‘School Values’ Flying High, Resilience, Creativity and Team Work, alongside the school rules ‘Be Respectful, Be Safe and Be Ready’ in a wide range of activities and experiences across the curriculum, participating fully to school life and the community beyond. Pupils learn to identify their own abilities, to work with others and become responsible for their own learning. They learn to empathise and respect humanity, diversity and differences so that they can go on to form the real relationships that are an essential part of life. Likewise, our PSHE curriculum, Jigsaw, encompasses an age appropriate understanding of RSE, as determined in the statutory guidance. We support all children, enabling them to be safe and to understand and develop healthy relationships which will prepare them for the future.



Our whole school approach to PSHE and RSE is down to the belief that success in these areas will lead to excellence across the whole curriculum. At Aylesham we deliver the PSHE curriculum through the use of the online scheme JIGSAW. The curriculum is ‘Spiral’ so each year group covers the same topic in a more in-depth way as they move through the school, building on all the knowledge they have previously learnt. It is split into 6 units, one for each half term in school.

>Being me in my world

>Celebrating differences

>Dreams and goals

>Healthy me

>Relationships and

>Changing me.

Throughout the themes Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) is threaded throughout but is at the heart of two cores themes Relationships and changing me.

Children have weekly PSHE sessions that are delivered by all teaching staff. The programme of study shows progression across all key stages within the PSHE core themes as titled in the grid above. The curriculum equips our children with meaningful content that places an emphasis on building resilience, nurturing both mental and physical health and communication and language skills. The use of PSHE curriculum is intended to equip our children with the knowledge and skills to make self-informed decisions. This is carried out across the digital literacy curriculum as well. Each session that is taught can be recorded in a floor book Yr R and Yr 1, individual books Yr 2-6, or through classes discussions including the use of drama, circle time and some written activities. Evidence is gathered and then displayed within the floor book or individual books for children to look through to recap previous learning. If occasions arise within individual classrooms where teachers feel that an extra PSHE session may be appropriate due to a specific issue this would be encouraged.



Our teaching of PSHE will lead to children meeting the standards of attainments across the school and those that are expected of our children nationally. Children will each make progress relative to their own individual starting point. The implementation and impact of the PSHE curriculum is assessed across school to ensure that children are provided with the best possible chance at succeeding. We strive to ensure that by the end of their time with us at Aylesham each child will:

>Recognise and apply the British Values

>Be able to recognise, understand and manage their own emotions

>Understand who they can rely on and ask for support.

>Look after their own mental health and ask for support where necessary.

>Be on their way to maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

>Recognise differences and have an understanding of diversity.

>Apply learnt skills in real life situations

>Demonstrate self-confidence and self-esteem.

>Have developed and maintained healthy relationships with peers and adults.

>Understand the physical aspects involved in the teaching of RSE at the level appropriate to them as an individual.

>Show respect to themselves and others.



Through Personal, Social, Emotional Development children are supported to build constructive and respectful relationships that allow them to play, learn and develop alongside both adults and their peers. As children make friendships they learn to manage conflicts and rivalries with the support of adults. Children are empowered to envisage themselves as valuable individuals who are aware of what makes them unique In the Early Years children are encouraged to express their feelings and adults carefully model the handling of these feelings and emotions to support children in becoming independent in moderating their own feelings. Children are taught to manage their own physical needs and understand the importance of respecting others privacy. A large part of the curriculum in the Early Years supports the developing resilience within young children, children are encouraged to persevere to meet their goals and targets. As a part of the learning journey experienced in the Early Years developing the understanding of rules and routines is an integral part that runs parallel to all.


Autumn 1


Autumn 2


Spring 1


Spring 2


Summer 1


Summer 2


Year R

Self-identity Understanding feelings

Being in a classroom Being gentle

Rights and responsibilities

Identifying talents

Being special


Where we live

Making friends

Standing up for yourself

Challenges Perseverance Goal-setting

Overcoming obstacles Seeking help


Achieving goals

Exercising bodies Physical activity Healthy food Sleep Keeping clean Safety

Family life Friendships Breaking friendships Falling out Dealing with bullying

Being a good friend


Respecting my body Growing up

Growth and change Fun and fears Celebrations

Year 1

Feeling special and safe Being part of a class Rights and responsibilities

Rewards and feeling proud


Similarities and differences Understanding bullying and knowing how to deal with it

Making new friends Celebrating the differences in everyone

Setting goals Identifying successes and achievements

Learning styles

Working well and celebrating achievement with a partner

Tackling new challenges Identifying and overcoming obstacles Feelings of success

Keeping myself healthy Healthier lifestyle choices

Keeping clean

Being safe

Medicine safety/safety with household items Road safety

Linking health and happiness

Belonging to a family Making friends/being a good friend

Physical contact preferences

People who help us Qualities as a friend and person Self-acknowledgement Being a good friend to myself

Celebrating special relationships

Life cycles – animal and human

Changes in me

Changes since being a baby

Differences between female and male bodies (correct terminology) Linking growing and learning

Coping with change Transition

Year 2

Hopes and fears for the year

Rights and responsibilities

Rewards and consequences

Safe and fair learning environment

Valuing contributions Choices

Recognising feelings

Assumptions and stereotypes about gender

Understanding bullying Standing up for self and others

Making new friends Gender diversity Celebrating difference and remaining friends

Achieving realistic goals Perseverance Learning strengths

Learning with others Group co-operation Contributing to and sharing success

Motivation Healthier choices


Healthy eating and nutrition

Healthier snacks and sharing food

Different types of family Physical contact boundaries

Friendship and conflict Secrets Trust and appreciation

Expressing appreciation for special relationships

Life cycles in nature Growing from young to old

Increasing independence Differences in female and male bodies (correct terminology) Assertiveness Preparing for transition

Year 3

Setting personal goals

Self-identity and worth Positivity in challenges Rules, rights and responsibilities

Rewards and consequences

Responsible choices Seeing things from others’ perspectives

Families and their differences

Family conflict and how to manage it (child-centred) Witnessing bullying and how to solve it Recognising how words can be hurtful Giving and receiving compliments

Difficult challenges and achieving success

Dreams and ambitions New challenges Motivation and enthusiasm

Recognising and trying to overcome obstacles Evaluating learning processes

Managing feelings Simple budgeting

Exercise Fitness challenges Food labelling and healthy swaps

Attitudes towards drugs Keeping safe and why it’s important online and off line scenarios

Respect for myself and others

Healthy and safe choices

Family roles and responsibilities

Friendship and negotiation Keeping safe online and who to go to for help Being a global citizen

Being aware of how my choices affect others Awareness of how other children have different lives

Expressing appreciation for family and friends

How babies grow Understanding a baby’s needs

Outside body changes Inside body changes Family stereotypes Challenging my ideas Preparing for transition

Year 4

Being part of a class team Being a school citizen Rights, responsibilities and democracy (school council)

Rewards and consequences

Group decision-making Having a voice

What motivates behaviour

Challenging assumptions Judging by appearance Accepting self and others Understanding influences Understanding bullying Problem-solving Identifying how special and unique everyone is First impressions

Hopes and dreams Overcoming disappointment

Creating new, realistic dreams

Achieving goals

Working in a group Celebrating contributions Resilience Positive attitudes

Healthier friendships Group dynamics



Assertiveness Peer pressure

Celebrating inner strength


Love and loss

Memories of loved ones Getting on and Falling Out Girlfriends and boyfriends Showing appreciation to people and animals

Being unique

Having a baby

Girls and puberty Confidence in change Accepting change Preparing for transition Environmental change

Year 5

Planning the forthcoming year

Being a citizen Rights and responsibilities

Rewards and consequences

How behaviour affects groups

Democracy, having a voice, participating

Cultural differences and how they can cause conflict

Racism Rumours and name-calling

Types of bullying

Material wealth and happiness

Enjoying and respecting other cultures

Future dreams

The importance of money Jobs and careers

Dream job and how to get there

Goals in different cultures Supporting others (charity) Motivation

Smoking, including vaping Alcohol

Alcohol and anti-social behaviour

Emergency aid

Body image

Relationships with food Healthy choices Motivation and behaviour

Self-recognition and self-worth

Building self-esteem

Safer online communities Rights and responsibilities online

Online gaming and gambling

Reducing screen time Dangers of online grooming SMARRT internet safety rules

Self- and body image Influence of online and media on body image Puberty for girls

Puberty for boys Conception (including IVF) Growing responsibility Coping with change Preparing for transition

Year 6

Identifying goals for the year Global citizenship Children’s universal rights Feeling welcome and valued

Choices, consequences and rewards

Group dynamics Democracy, having a voice Anti-social behaviour Role-modelling

Perceptions of normality Understanding disability Power struggles Understanding bullying Inclusion/exclusion Differences as conflict, difference as celebration Empathy

Personal learning goals, in and out of school

Success criteria

Emotions in success Making a difference in the world


Recognising achievements Compliments

Taking personal responsibility

How substances affect the body

Exploitation, including ‘county lines’ and gang culture

Emotional and mental health

Managing stress

Mental health Identifying mental health worries and sources of support

Love and loss

Managing feelings

Power and control Assertiveness

Technology safety

Take responsibility with technology use

Self-image Body image Puberty and feelings Conception to birth Reflections about change Physical attraction Respect and consent Boyfriends/girlfriends Sexting